Van Andel Institute (VAI) is dedicated to exceptional research and to positively impacting human health. Through cutting-edge science and extensive collaboration, VAI’s investigators are working to find new diagnostics and treatments for cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, and other conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthritis and depression.
Van Andel Institute’s laboratories are divided into five departments and a core services team, which allows for efficiency and cross-center collaboration.
Dr. Alberts earned degrees in Biochemistry and Cell Biology and Physiology and Pharmacology from the University of California, San Diego under the mentorship of Dr. James Feramisco. From 1994 to 1997, he was as a Howard Hughes Medical Institute International postdoctoral fellow in Dr. Richard Treisman’s Transcription Laboratory at the Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Lincoln’s Inn Fields (now the London Research Institute–Cancer Research UK). From 1998 to 1999, he was the Carol Franc Buck Fellow in Dr. Frank McCormick’s laboratory at the University of California, San Francisco Cancer Research Institute. Dr. Alberts joined Van Andel Institute as a Scientific Investigator in January 2000. He was promoted to Senior Scientific Investigator in 2006 and then to Distinguished Scientific Investigator and Professor of Cancer and Cell Biology in 2009.
Focus area: Genomic sciences and neurodegeneration
Dr. José Brás investigates how variations in our genes impact the onset and progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and dementia with Lewy bodies. Using cutting-edge technologies and bioinformatic approaches, he has identified new genetic mutations that impact disease risk.
Focus area: Behavioral medicine
As a psychiatrist and a scientist, Lena Brundin, M.D., Ph.D., seeks ways to diagnose and treat depression and suicidality by studying inflammation of the nervous system. Her findings may lead to earlier interventions for depressive patients and for development of a new class of antidepressants that targets the immune system. She also investigates how inflammatory mechanisms can damage nerve cells in Parkinson’s disease.
Focus area: Neural circuits and neurodegeneration
Dr. Hong-yuan Chu investigates how and why dopamine-producing cells die off in Parkinson’s, a process that underlies many of the disease’s hallmark symptoms. He plans to leverage this new knowledge to develop new, more precise ways to slow or stop disease progression.
Focus area: Post-GWAS functionality
Gerhard Coetzee, Ph.D., searches the human genome for minuscule changes that contribute to onset, progression and drug resistance of many diseases, ranging from cancer to Parkinson’s to rare and heritable disorders. His team deploys genome sequencing technologies and high-powered computational arrays to tease out patterns and interactions of markers and treatment targets from among the human genome’s more than three billion DNA base pairs.
Focus area: Structural biology, cryo-EM, synaptic receptors, ion channels
Juan Du, Ph.D. seeks to understand the brain’s intricate communication systems using state-of-the-art structural biology approaches, such as cryo-EM. Her work has revealed new insights into critical processes such as temperature regulation in the human body, which has implications for development of new medications for neurological disorders.
Focus area: Wnt Signaling in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Development and Cancer
Stem cells give rise to every cell type in the human body and play important roles in health and disease. Dr. Stephanie Grainger seeks to understand how these special cells develop, how they are maintained, and how they can become cancerous, with the goal of developing new strategies for combating cancer.
Focus area: Genomic sciences and neurodegeneration
Dr. Rita Guerreiro parses the genetic variations that contribute to neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, dementia with Lewy bodies and frontotemporal dementia. Her research has led to new insights into the genetic contributors to these diseases, which currently have no cure and no treatments that slow progression.
Focus area: Cancer immunodiagnostics
Brian Haab, Ph.D., searches for new ways to diagnose and stratify pancreatic cancer based on the chemical fingerprints tumors leave behind. Part of the problem Haab aims to solve is that cancers often look and behave normally—until after they’ve started making people sick. Haab is sleuthing out clues to build a library of diagnostic tools that will help providers diagnose tumors earlier and optimize treatment.
Focus area: Protein pathologies and genetic risk in neurodegeneration
Michael Henderson, Ph.D., investigates the causes of neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s and dementia with Lewy bodies, and the factors that control disease progression. He hopes to translate his findings into new therapies that slow or stop this progression.
Focus area: Cardiovascular research
Stefan Jovinge, M.D., Ph.D., develops ways to help the heart heal itself and has led dozens of clinical trials in regenerative medicine. As a critical care cardiologist and scientist, he uses a bench-to-bedside approach in an effort to give patients with serious heart conditions longer, healthier lives. The clinical platform for his research is the Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit at Spectrum Health Hospitals Fred and Lena Meijer Heart Center, and the basic science effort in regenerative medicine is performed at Van Andel Institute (VAI). He serves as director of the DeVos Cardiovascular Research Program, the name of the overall structure of the program that is a collaboration between Spectrum Health and VAI.
Focus area: Immunology, epigenetics and metabolism
Focus area: Epigenetics in neurodegenerative diseases
Viviane Labrie, Ph.D., studies the dynamic interplay between the human genome and its control system—the epigenome—to understand how neurodegenerative diseases start and progress in an effort to develop improved diagnostics and treatments. Labrie’s scientific pursuits have deepened understanding of conditions from Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases to schizophrenia to healthy aging conditions like lactose intolerance. She has also developed new methods for epigenome analysis.
Focus area: Cancer epigenetics
Peter W. Laird, Ph.D., seeks a detailed understanding of the molecular foundations of cancer with a particular focus on identifying crucial epigenetic alterations that convert otherwise healthy cells into cancer cells. He is widely regarded as an international leader in this effort and has helped design some of the world’s state-of-the-art tools to aid in epigenetics research. Laird is a principal investigator for the National Cancer Institute’s Genome Data Analysis Network and is a professor in Van Andel Institute’s Center for Epigenetics. He also played a leadership role in The Cancer Genome Atlas, a multi-institutional effort to molecularly map cancers.
Focus area: Intergenerational inheritance of nutritional states
Dr. Adelheid Lempradl is investigating how the dietary choices of parents may impact the health of their offspring in the hopes of translating her findings into new ways to prevent disease and create a healthier future.
Focus area: Cryo-EM, Structural Biology, DNA Replication and Epigenetics
Huilin Li, Ph.D., uses cryo-electron microscopy to reveal the most basic building blocks of DNA replication and other systems vital for life. He has been at the vanguard of cryo-EM for more than 20 years, and his research has implications for some of the world’s most critical public health concerns, including tuberculosis, cancer, mental illness, and many more.
Focus area: Cryo-EM
Wei Lü, Ph.D., is working to unravel how brain cells communicate with each other. Using techniques such as cryo-electron microscopy, his work has contributed to the field’s understanding of molecules that play crucial roles in the development and function of the nervous system.
Focus area: Metabolic Profiling, Immunometabolism, Stable-Isotope Tracer and Cellular Bioenergetics
Focus area: Structural biology and biochemistry
Karsten Melcher, Ph.D., studies molecular structure and cellular communication, which have implications for finding new treatments for serious health threats including cancer, diabetes and obesity. His expertise extends beyond human cells—his research into plant hormones may one day lead to heartier crops that resist drought and help meet the nutritional demands of a growing global population.
Focus area: Molecular neurodegeneration
Darren Moore, Ph.D., seeks new diagnostic and treatment approaches for Parkinson’s by investigating the inherited form of the disease, which comprises five to 10 percent of cases. He aims to translate the understanding of these genetic mutations into better treatments and new diagnostic tools for Parkinson’s, both inherited and non-inherited. Discoveries from Moore’s lab routinely elucidate the faulty molecular interactions that transform healthy, functioning neurons into diseased ones.
Focus area: Mitochondria and metabolism
Dr. Sara Nowinski investigates how cells determine the amount of energy needed for everyday life and how they adjust to meet those requirements. Her research has uncovered new insights into intricate balance between nutrient availability and cellular respiration — both critical components to maintaining health.
Focus area: Epigenetic pathways in disease
Gerd Pfeifer, Ph.D., studies how the body switches genes on and off, a biological process called methylation that, when faulty, can lead to cancer or other diseases. His studies range from the effect of tobacco smoke on genetic and epigenetic systems to the discovery of a mechanism that may help protect the brain from neurodegeneration. Pfeifer’s studies have implications across a range of diseases, including cancer, Parkinson’s, diabetes, and many others.
Focus area: Epigenetic origins of heterogeneity and disease
Dr. J. Andrew Pospisilik seeks to understand how we become whom we become, and how our disease susceptibility is defined from early on in life, even before conception, with the long-term goal of being able to predict lifelong health outlook at birth.
Focus area: Chromatin and epigenetic regulation
Scott Rothbart, Ph.D., studies the ways in which cells pack and unpack DNA. This elegant process twists and coils roughly 2 meters of unwound DNA into a space less than one-tenth the width of a human hair. Although this process is impressive, it is also subject to errors that can cause cancer and other disorders. Rothbart seeks new targets for drug development in this process.
Focus area: Epigenomic analysis in human disease
Hui Shen, Ph.D., develops new approaches to cancer prevention, detection and treatment by studying the interaction between genes and their control systems, called epigenetics. Her research focuses on women’s cancers, particularly ovarian cancer, and also has shed new light on the underlying mechanisms of other many cancer types, including breast, kidney and prostate cancers.
Focus area: Chromatin, post-translational modifications, epigenetics, cancer
Xiaobing Shi, Ph.D., investigates the mechanisms that regulate DNA and gene expression in an effort to better understand how they impact cancer development. His research has led to the discovery of several new “readers” of epigenetic marks that may serve as targets for cancer treatment.
Focus area: Musculoskeletal oncology
Matt Steensma, M.D., studies the genetic and molecular factors that cause benign tumors to become cancers to find vulnerabilities that may be targeted for treatment. As a scientist at VAI and practicing surgeon at Spectrum Health Helen DeVos Children’s Hospital, he is committed to translating scientific discoveries into treatments that improve patients’ lives.
Focus area: Developmental reprogramming
Piroska Szabó, Ph.D., studies the flow of epigenetic information from parents to their offspring, with a focus on how epigenetic markers are remodeled during egg and sperm production, and how these markers are rewritten after fertilization. These processes have profound implications on fertility and embryo development. Disturbances in epigenetic remodeling are thought to contribute to disease conditions lasting well into adulthood.
Focus area: Leukemia, biostatistics, computational biology, next-generation sequencing
As a statistician and computational biologist with an interest in clonal evolution and cancers of the blood, Dr. Tim Triche, Jr.’s, work focuses on wedding data-intensive molecular phenotyping to adaptive clinical trial designs, in an effort to accelerate the pace of drug targeting and development in rare or refractory diseases.
Focus area: Molecular oncology
George Vande Woude, Ph.D., is a titan in cancer biology. He is the founding director of Van Andel Research Institute, which he led for a decade. His discovery and description of the MET receptor tyrosine kinase as an oncogene, together with its activating ligand hepatocyte growth factor have led to new possibilities for cancer therapies. His discovery has revolutionized the way scientists view the disease especially in tumor progression. He is a distinguished scientific fellow in the Center for Cancer and Cell Biology and a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
Focus area: Chromatin, transcription, histone modifications, epigenetics, leukemia, pediatric cancers
Hong Wen, Ph.D., investigates the molecular underpinnings of pediatric cancers, with a focus on how epigenetic dysregulation impacts genes expression and drives malignancy. Her work holds great promise for developing new, improved therapies for these devastating diseases.
Focus area: Cancer signaling and metabolism
Ning Wu, Ph.D., investigates the interface between cellular metabolism and cellular signaling, particularly as they relate to cancer. On the most basic level, cancer is fundamentally a disease of uncontrolled cell growth, and Wu believes that understanding a tumor’s voracious energy requirements and altered signaling pathways will lead to new treatments that optimize existing combination therapies and identify novel therapeutic targets.
Focus area: Skeletal biology
Tao Yang, Ph.D., studies the signaling systems that govern skeletal stem cells and the role they play in diseases such as osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. Bones are the largest producer of adult stem cells, which mature into cartilage, fat or bone tissue—a process that falters with age. Yang seeks a better understanding of these systems in search of new treatments for degenerative bone disorders and other skeletal aging.